Types and varieties of phlox. Features of growing phlox. Phlox Disease Phlox awl-shaped and Phlox Drummond - a description of the varieties.
Phloxes are the favorites of many gardeners in the world. For our latitudes, this unpretentious plant, whose homeland is North America, is best suited. Due to its adaptation to the climate of our country, phloxes are able to delight their owners in their suburban areas with a variety of colors and aromas throughout the gardening period.
Varieties of phlox: photoVarieties of phlox
As mentioned above, phloxes are both annual and perennial.
Perhaps one of their only representatives in our country, Drummond phlox, belongs to the annual phlox varieties. This type of phlox will be discussed later.
Depending on the shape of the leaf, phloxes are divided into the following types:
- splayed out
Based on the height of the flower stem and whimsicality to the soil, phloxes are classified into the following subgroups:
- ground cover or creeping
- tall bush
The most popular varieties of panicled phloxes are the following varieties:Phlox panicled Sandro Botticelli Phlox paniculata Blue Joy Phlox paniculata Night Phlox panicled Frau Paulina Schollhammer Phlox panicled Olympiad Phlox panicled Master Phlox panicled Maria Fedorovna Phlox panicled Vladimir Phlox panicled Igor Talkov Phlox paniculata Cloud Phlox panicled Mirage Phlox panicled Ostankino Phlox paniculata Apple-tree color Phlox panicled Stranger Phlox panicled Viking Phlox panicled Waltz Panic phlox New
The following varieties belong to groundcover phloxes:Phlox awl Phlox Douglas Phlox Snow Phlox bifurcated
The following varieties of phlox can be classified as loose phlox:Phlox Phlox splayed Phlox adsurgens
The following varieties of phlox are considered as bush plants:Phlox Windsor Phlox Natasha Phlox Nicky Phlox Tenor Phlox Magic Blue
The following varieties of phlox are undersized phlox:Phlox Sherbet Cocktail Phlox Tiara Phlox Orange Perfection Phlox twister Phlox Success Phlox Dragon Phlox Jeffs Blue Phlox Black Sea Phlox Cool Best
Phlox awl-shaped perennial - types: photoPhlox awl - description
The awl-shaped phlox is a perennial plant, and it can bloom even a couple of times a year (in May-June and August-September). True, the second flowering of this plant may not be too bright and lush.
The awl-shaped phlox belongs to the groundcover, undersized species of phlox. In height, as a rule, it can reach 15-20 cm.
The petals of the awl-shaped phlox have a pointed shape - it is this feature that caused this name of the subspecies. The length of one petal averages 2 cm.
Depending on the variety, the awl-shaped phlox can be of various colors - white, blue, pink. In addition, a single-color flower background can be decorated with numerous dots, spots or stripes of contrasting colors.
The following varieties of awl-shaped phlox are considered the most popular in our latitudes:Phlox Awkward Candy Strips Phlox awl-shaped Tellaria Phlox subulate Phlox awl-shaped Thumbelina
How to plant when you can transplant phlox perennial?How to plant phlox perennial?
When planting phloxes into the ground, the following criteria for choosing a place for planting should be considered:
- soil productivity - phlox loves rich and fertile land
- soil moisture - for most types of phlox, constant recharge of moisture is extremely important
- the location of the plot according to the sun - as a rule, all types of phlox prefer shaded or moderately lit areas of the garden - landing in open sunny areas can lead to discoloration of the phlox petals
Phlox can be planted at any time of their vegetative development - in the spring, summer, autumn.How to transplant phlox?
Phlox transplantation can also be carried out throughout the entire planting period. However, there are a number of the most favorable periods and practical tips for this manipulation:
- in spring, phloxes are best transplanted in late April - early May
- The most optimal summer-autumn period of phlox transplantation falls at the beginning of August - before its middle the flowers should already be transplanted
- in autumn, phloxes are best transplanted, having previously stopped their tops
- if transplanting phlox during its flowering period with a whole color, it is necessary to dig it out very carefully
Planting phlox in the soil perennial in the spring, autumn roots, cuttings
Reproduction of perennial phloxes is most often done in two main ways - by grafting and dividing the bush with roots.
Phlox bush divisionPhlox bush division
Reproduction of phlox by dividing the bush can be carried out at any time of the year - in the early autumn (before the first frost), in the summer in cloudy weather and in the spring.
Algorithm of actions:
- Carefully dig up the bush, taking care not to damage the roots
- We shake off the phlox earthen lump
- Untangle the rhizomes of the plant
- We divide the bush into several new bushes (you can use a disinfected knife).
Division by cuttingsPlanting Phlox Cuttings
- In late spring or early summer, we cut shoots from young phloxes with two pairs of leaves on each of them (we cut the bottom directly under the lower sheets, and the top 1cm above the top)
- We remove the lower leaves, and cut the upper half
- We dig out shallow pits for phloxes at a distance of 6 cm from each other and 10 cm between the rows and carefully fill them with water
- Pour sand in 1-2cm moist, but without water, holes
- We insert phlox cuttings into the prepared soil and condense it around the plant with your fingers
- Pour some more earth
- We cover the phlox cuttings and cover them with a film
- Water phlox a couple of times a week
- When the first leaves appear on the stems, remove the shading
- In late July - early August we transplant phlox sprouts to another place at a distance of 20cm from each other
- Having kept phloxes in their last habitat for two years, in the third year we transplant them to a permanent place
If you carry out a similar procedure with phlox cuttings in summer or autumn, then at the rooting stage they need to be placed in a greenhouse, and kept in a growth stimulator for 10 hours before planting.
How to transplant phlox in the summer?How to transplant phlox in the summer?
- If you transplant phlox in the summer, then they need to provide regular and plentiful watering
- Also, during the transplantation process, it is necessary to leave a good earthen lump on the root of the plant
- When transplanting phlox in the summer, it is recommended to cut off their top in order to direct the entire strength of the plant to its rooting, and not to flowering
Phlox - top dressing in the spring: what fertilizers do phlox like?Fertilizers for Phlox
Although it is believed that phlox are quite unpretentious plants, however, in order for them to grow actively and colorfully, it is advisable to fertilize them regularly.
Phlox should be fed at least three times a year.
For fertilizing phlox, the following types of top dressing are best suited:
- Manure (in the fall - horse, and in the spring - cow)
- Nitrogen fertilizers (urea)
- Phosphoric fertilizers
- Potash fertilizer
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers should be used very carefully for phloxes - it is imperative to follow the instructions for fertilizer.
For spring dressing, compost with urea is best suited (one tablespoon of urea must be added to half a bucket of humus). It is advisable to carefully decompose the resulting subcortex under the plant.
Summer phlox careSummer phlox care
Care for phlox in the summer period consists of a whole range of measures:
- Regular watering - the soil under the phlox should never be too dry
- Mulching the soil allows moisture to stay longer in the soil
- Top dressing in the summer can be performed according to several schemes:
- The beginning of June - manure with superphosphate, the beginning of July - diluted clean manure, the end of July - potash and phosphorus fertilizers
- In early summer - humus with urea, the period of budding - a couple of tablespoons of mineral fertilizers for flowering plants, after flowering - phosphorus-potassium fertilizing
- Pest and Disease Control
- Getting rid of faded buds will help keep flowering longer and increase the number of flowers for the next season.
- Timely phlox transplant allows the plant to grow and multiply
Phlox faded - what to do next, how to prune phlox after flowering?What to do with faded phlox?
A very important step in the process of growing phlox is preparing them for winter.
After the phloxes bloom, they need to be pruned so that the plant wintered safely, and in the spring it was ready to rejoice its owners with bright and dense flowers with renewed vigor.
There are two ways to prune phlox:
- To ground level - this method is suitable for cold snow latitudes and helps to prevent the spread of bacteria throughout the plant
- At 5-10cm above the soil level - this method is suitable for more southern, low-snow latitudes and helps to hold snow just above the plant to nourish it with moisture
All pruned phlox bushes must be removed from the site and burned.
The next step in preparing for the winter is fertilizing the soil and plants. As an autumn top dressing for phloxes, a tablespoon of mineral fertilizer spread out under each bush is perfect. It is also recommended to fertilize phlox with ashes.
7-10 days after top dressing, phlox should be covered with peat, humus, compost or simply dry leaves.
Phlox perennial - diseases, treatmentDiseases and treatment of phlox
Phlox, like any other plant, is susceptible to diseases and attacks of various kinds of pests.
The most common phlox diseases are:
- powdery mildew
- white verticellosis wilting
- color fading
- chopping leaves
The insect pests for phlox are the nutcracker, earwig, caterpillars and slobbery pennies.
Phloxes also have larger enemies - snails and slugs.
Why do not perennial phloxes bloom?Why do not perennial phloxes bloom?
The lack of flowering phlox can be explained by the following factors:
- sunlight deficiency
- unfertilized or poorly mulched earth
- lack of moisture or, conversely, stagnation of water
If at least one of the listed conditions is not fulfilled, then the plant does not have enough forces for flowering. It can grow in height, grow underground, but not give color.
White bloom on the leaves of phlox: powdery mildew - what to do?What to do with powdery mildew in phlox?
Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that often affects phlox. This disease manifests itself in the form of a white spider web on sheets. Over time, the cobweb begins to thicken and eventually spreads throughout the sheet. The leaf begins to turn yellow and fade. Over time, the entire bush may die.
Before talking about the fight against powdery mildew, it is necessary to clarify the cause of its appearance. Most often, the plant lends itself to this disease due to improper care for it - improper planting, insufficient watering and top dressing.
Fortunately, today there are quite a few ways to deal with powdery mildew. For these purposes, the following tools and preparations are used:
- soda solution
- soap solution
- washing powder solution
- mullein (a solution of manure in water)
- colloidal sulfur
- Coming soon
All of these tools are usually used to spray phlox flowers.
Why do phlox leaves curl, turn yellow and blacken: what to do?Why do phlox leaves turn yellow, blacken and curl?
- There can be many reasons for phlox twisting, yellowing and blackening of leaves - both damage by pests and diseases, and improper care
- For example, with insufficient watering, the lower leaves of phlox begin to turn yellow, and then completely dry out
- Long rains and then severe drought can also cause drying of the lower phlox leaves
- Excessive moisture is not the norm for phloxes - it can lead to the death of the plant
- Too densely planted phlox bushes are most often covered with cracks along the entire length of the stem. The reasons for this phenomenon can also serve as an excess of moisture or nitrogen in the soil.
How to handle phlox from diseases?What do phloxes treat from diseases?
It is believed that in order to cure phlox and prevent the spread of the disease to other plants, it is best to cut diseased leaves or even remove the diseased phlox from the garden.
However, today many gardeners try to act more humane and fight with phlox diseases and try to use the following drugs:
- with phlox jaundice, antibiotic solutions are used
- for powdery mildew - Topaz, copper chloroxide, furatsilina solution, ash infusion, soda ash with soap, copper-soap emulsion and other copper-containing preparations
- with septoria or leaf spot - hom, Bordeaux fluid, oxychoma
- with verticellosis wilting of stems - glyocladin or trichodermin
- in rust - Bordeaux liquid, vitriol, copper chloride
- with phomosis - speed, maxim, foundationazole or Vectra
Phlox Drummond annual - varieties: photoPhlox Drummond
Drummond Phlox is an annual, sun-loving and unpretentious variety of phlox. In height, such phloxes, as a rule, reach no more than 50 cm.
The most popular varieties of Phlox Drummond in our country include:
Phlox Drummond Defiance
Phlox Drummond Snow globePhloom Drummond Beauty in Raspberry Phlox Drummond Leucantenum Phloom Drummond Alluring Star Phlox Drummond Salmon
Tall large floweredDrummond Phlox Tall Bright Red Drummond Phlox Tall White
Phlox Drummond annual - seed cultivationDrummond Phlox - Seed Growing
- Drummond phlox seeds can be planted both in spring, and in late autumn or early winter. The fact is that this plant is quite winter-hardy, therefore it will not die in severe frosts and snowfalls.
- If you nevertheless ventured on a winter landing, and your latitudes are characterized by a rather warm winter, then planting phlox seeds is best in late December or early January (as the popular saying: “When the last leaf from a cherry falls”).
- If after planting an unplanned thaw has begun, the planting site must be covered with a non-woven fabric in order to protect the plant from sudden growth under the influence of sunlight. When the thaw passes, the canvas will need to be removed.
- If Drummond's phlox planting is planned for spring, then it is best to do it in late April - early May. To do this, in the designated area, it is necessary to make small holes at a distance of 15 to 25 cm from each other (depending on the height and width of the shrub) and fill them with water. When the water in the pits is absorbed, they need to put a couple of seeds in them and cover them with earth.Planted seeds are best covered with spanbond or lutrasil. When the first shoots appear, the shelter can be removed.
- After germination of the sprouts, the earth around them needs to be loosened, thinned out themselves (if there are more than three sprouts) and fed with liquid nitrogen fertilizer.
- After a week, nitrogen fertilizers will need to be applied again.
- When the first flower ovaries appear, it is advisable to feed Drummond's phlox with complex fertilizers.
Drummond Phlox: when to plant seedlings?When to plant Drummond phlox seedlings?
It is necessary to sow Drummond phlox seeds for seedlings at home in early March.
Germinated plants, as a rule, are planted in open ground after the last frosts - tentatively in early May.
How to feed phlox for abundant flowering?What fertilizer will help improve the flowering of phlox?
Phlox can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. For each stage of plant development, it is best to use top dressing that is suitable specifically for this stage:
- Even before the snow melts, you can fertilize the soil with organic-mineral fertilizing: 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 150 g of wood ash and 60 g of superphosphates
- During tying buds, phlox can be fertilized with a solution of manure or litter (the ratio of manure to water is 1 to 25), as well as ammonium nitrate (30 g per bucket of water)
- During the flowering period, it is advisable to feed the phlox with nitrogen-potassium fertilizers: on a litter solution of 20 g of potassium sulfate and superphosphate, ready-made fertilizer Flower or Agricola for flowering plants
What to plant next to phlox?What to plant next to phlox?
In order for the flowerbed with the phloxes planted on it to look more beautiful, you need to know what plants can and should be planted next to these bright beauties. Here are a few examples of those flowers and plants that will look harmoniously next to the phlox:
In summer time
- alpine aster
- stunted bell
- small petals
- clove grass
In the summer-autumn period
- Siberian iris
- dwarf iris
In the autumn period
- dwarf barberry tunberka
Regardless of what time phlox blooms, the following plants will look good with them:
- dwarf wormwood
- was young
- oriental poppy