In this article, we will talk about a rash in children, about what it can be and when it comes to allergies, and when about infectious diseases.
- An alarming symptom in the form of a rash in a baby is a sign of not only a possible allergic reaction, but also the development of more dangerous diseases. It is not difficult for an experienced dermatologist or infectious disease specialist to determine the nature of the rashes and make the correct diagnosis
- But what about parents who cannot figure out the origin of these spots and dots. We will try to talk about the possible symptoms of a rash and the disease that it may correspond to.
- First, let's look at what a rash is and what types it can be.
- The rash itself is the primary manifestation of various pathological reactions of the body to a change in state in the body
It is of the following types:
• A nodule or papule looks like a tubercle and has no indentations or holes; its dimensions are on average from 1 mm to 3 cm in diameter and can be felt
• Blisters are a cavity-free mass that rises above the surface of the skin, is hyperemic, and itchy.
• Bubbles have a cavity with a cap, their size is up to 0.5 cm in diameter, their cavity is filled with a clear liquid (serous effusion). If these sizes exceed 0.5 cm, then the formation is called a bubble
• The pustule or abscess is similar to a vial, but the contents of the formation are purulent
• The stain is manifested by a change in skin color in a particular place and its size may be different
• Roseola is a speck in diameter up to 5 mm, which can have a color from pale pink to red
• Hemorrhages are bruises or hemorrhages under the skin and look like spots or small dots
After curing the rash, various traces may remain that are called secondary elements of the rash in the form of scars, pigmentation, scales, erosions, abrasions, ulcers or cracks. You should start with the most common reaction, an allergic rash.
Symptoms of an Allergic Rash in ChildrenSymptoms of an Allergic Rash in Children
The main symptom, of course, is the presence of the rashes themselves. With the manifestation of a contact allergic reaction, rashes occur in places of contact with the allergen (cream, diapers, clothes washed with a specific powder, etc.).
If rashes are associated with manifestations of a food or drug allergic reaction, then rashes can occur throughout the body, or on the legs, buttocks and cheeks.
• Hyperemia of certain areas of the skin
• The appearance of various elements of the rash (blisters, vesicles, roseola, spots, etc.)
• Annoying itching, often not tolerated
• If the elements of the rash are damaged, wounds or erosion may occur.
• The child is very anxious, poor appetite, sleep disturbance
The time for the appearance of rashes depends on the form of pathology, which can be acute or chronic.
1. In acute manifestations, a rash occurs almost immediately after contact with an allergen and is often legalized in the cheeks and upper torso (in folds)
2. If the rash does not go away for 6 weeks, then we should talk about a chronic form of pathology. Symptoms of a rash do not differ from an acute reaction, but overall well-being suffers much more. In addition to decreased appetite, poor sleep and irritability, the child begins to lose weight, his appearance becomes pale, exhausted and tired
In infancy, an allergic rash is called atypical dermatitis and often has a chronic course. Periods of exacerbation of such an allergic reaction are replaced by long periods of remission. In infancy, allergies are most often foodborne.
Why does a child have a rash spots on the body?
- Of course, there can be many reasons for rashes, we will analyze only part of them. However, when reading, do not try to make a diagnosis yourself, as this requires an examination and specific tests
- And so, let's start with the most common cause of rashes in the form of spots, an allergic reaction becomes. With an allergic rash, scarlet heel may occur as a result of contact with the allergen. Allergies can also appear with red dots in certain areas of the body or everywhere.
- Allergy can also manifest itself in the form of urticaria, it is redness that looks like burns. Those who are often prone to allergic reactions, as a rule, know how to treat such rashes. However, if you first noticed such a rash, you should immediately consult a doctor
Psoriatic rash also look like red spots on the body. Such rashes can be distinguished by characteristic peeling and the presence of scales. This is a genetically determined disease that is completely incurable and is only treated for treatment in a state of remission.Psoriatic rash
Vitiligo also has as symptoms red spots on the skin. The general well-being of the patient does not suffer. These rashes can be temporarily removed with the help of drug therapy.
Scleroderma- Another disease that appears on the skin as red spots. This disease is congenital and has an autoimmune origin. As a result of exposure to its own immune system, connective tissue suffers. In this case, the work of the smallest blood vessels is disrupted and characteristic spots arise.Scleroderma -
These are just some of the diseases that manifest as red spots. Any manifestation of symptoms requires diagnosis and proper treatment.
Why does a child have a rash on his face and head?
The appearance of a rash on the baby's face is quite common.
Often this is just a manifestation of adaptation to environmental conditions. And it can occur both on the face and on the head and on the whole body.Why does a child have a rash on his face and head?
Depending on the symptoms that accompany these rashes, you need to determine the cause of this phenomenon.
Is there a temperature, sore throat in the baby and other manifestations of the disease. Since the rash can not only have a benign course and pass on its own, but also be infectious.
The most common diseases that are manifested by rashes can be:
• Chickenpox (rash in the form of vesicles throughout the body and head)
• Erythema infectious (large spots with a bright center)
• Measles (initially the rash affects the face, and then spreads to the whole body)
• Scarlet fever
• Roseola (rashes of pink color that do not go away for about 5 days)
• Rubella (common rashes throughout the body that disappear after 5 days)
So the diagnosis of the disease and the differentiation of allergies from infection is very important and requires special attention in children.
Causes of a rash on the stomach and legs of a child
There may be several reasons for these rashes:
Let's take a closer look at how rashes manifest during each of the lesions and get acquainted with the photo:
1. Measles is an infectious disease. In this case, the rash appears a few days after a temperature increase was noted. There is sore throat when swallowing, coughing and runny nose. The rash initially appears on the face and head, and then covers the entire body. The spots are quite large and rise above the skin.Measles
2. Chicken pox is manifested by a rash, which also at the beginning of the disease begins with the face, with subsequent spread to the whole body. First there are reddish spots, which then become vesicles filled with serous fluid. Then the vesicles dry out and an itchy crust forms. Body temperature may increase.Chicken pox
3. Rubella is characterized by rashes that form at the beginning of the disease on the face and in the bends of the joints. Usually the child is in a fever, there are signs of poisoning, and the occipital lymph nodes are enlarged. The rash is like small dots that disappear sharply after a few days.Rubella
4. Scarlet fever is manifested by symptoms of tonsillitis in a child, while a rash occurs on the 3rd day after the onset of the disease. The spots are not too large and spread throughout the body. Local skin temperature in the area of rashes rises. After the rash disappears, the skin peels offScarlet fever
5. Allergy occurs abruptly after contact with an irritant. In this case, the rash to the touch is embossed and may be accompanied by other signs of an allergic reaction. A rash can occur anywhere, while in young children it is not colored and not very noticeableAllergy
6. Scabies manifests itself in the form of soft, fluid-filled blisters. In this case, the rash is very itchy. The rashes are paired at a distance of several millimeters from each other. The very first rashes always occur between the fingersScabies
7. Traces after insect bites are often confused with the symptoms of various infections. The skin at the bite site is inflamed and itchy; when combed, it is covered with a crust. Such rashes pass independentlyTraces after insect bites
Causes of a rash after antibiotics in a child
If the rash arose as a result of treating the baby with antibacterial drugs, then the reasons for this can be:
• Allergic reaction
• Dysbacteriosis as a result of taking the drug
If this is an allergic reaction, then it will occur almost immediately after taking the first doses of the drug. In this case, you must immediately stop taking the antibiotic and consult a doctor for advice and for the treatment of the consequences of taking the medication.Causes of a rash after antibiotics in a child
In cases of dysbiosis as a result of taking an antibiotic and a rash on this background, your path should lie through a gastroenterologist and diet food. In this case, therapy is prescribed to restore the normal microflora of the intestines of the child. For these reasons, along with antibiotic therapy, bifidumbacterin and probiotics are prescribed.
Why does the child have a small rash with fever?
The cause of high temperature is most often an infectious disease, although an allergic reaction is no exception and can provoke hyperthermia.
It all depends on the appearance of the rash, the possible options of which we have described above. Each rash and the nature of its occurrence will tell about the disease to which it belongs.
Why does the child have a small rash without fever?
1. Almost all infectious diseases are accompanied by a rise in temperature. Without hyperthermia, a rash can occur when the skin is affected by scabies. The rash can affect the baby's arms, legs and tummy, as well as the buttocks and perineum, the inner thighs.
The cause of these rashes is a scabies mite, which settles in the surface layers of the skin. As a result of its penetration and vital activity, severe itching occurs and many children comb these rashes to the blood. Itching is most intense at night.Why does the child have a small rash without fever?
2. Also, without hyperthermia, pyoderma can occur. The rashes do not itch and are scattered randomly throughout the body. These are vesicles with purulent filling.
Subsequently, the bubbles burst and dry out, after falling off the grayish crust there are no traces left. The general condition of the child is quite peppy. This type of rash also requires adequate treatment.
3. Urticaria is a type of allergic reaction that looks similar to a burn and is treated accordingly an allergic reaction. It also does not increase body temperature
4. Another type of rash without fever is erythema. This is a chronic disease that initially appears on the face, then on the folds of the joints and wrists. Often a rash appears on the back of the hands and feet. The child becomes nervous and tearful. The rash looks like reddened vesicles that are inflamed and swollen, the skin cracks, and serous fluid is leaked from the cracks.
The child has a small rash itching - what should I do?
In any case, do not let the child comb the rashes, as this damages the skin and can lead to additional infection of the combs.
To determine the tactics of treatment, you must consult a doctor for examination and making the correct diagnosis. Since the correct treatment depends on the correct diagnosis.
Treatment of a rash in a child on the body: drugs and remediesTreatment of a rash in a child on the body: drugs and remedies
If you find a rash in your child, you need to carry out the following activities:
- Doctors should be called home. This is necessary for making the correct diagnosis and in order to avoid infection of other children at the time of visiting the clinic, if it is an infection
• At high temperatures, meningococcal infection may be suspected. In this case, you must urgently call an ambulance
• Doctors are not recommended to smear the rash on their own with ointments or brilliant green. The doctor should adequately assess the whole picture of the disease. Self-treatment is strictly prohibited
- As for medicines, for each disease there are a number of ointments and agents that are prescribed specifically for the treatment of the disease, which was found in each case.
- Be attentive to your health and your kids !! We wish you and your children good health.