"Dead Souls" - a description of Manilov for essay, literature lesson: appearance, artistic image of the family, economy

There are a lot of heroes in Gogol’s “Dead Souls” and they are all diverse in characterization. Let's look at the image of Manilov.

In the world masterpiece "Dead Souls" Gogol was able to create a variety of images of serfdom using real life situations. Each image has its own unique features and is supported by satire. The author masterfully exposes their deceit, unprincipledness and irresponsibility.

Gogol with good nature makes fun of human vices and shortcomings. But each of his phrases has a deep meaning. Because of the disorganization of the landlords, the common people, peasants, suffer first of all. Serfdom has a negative effect on society as a whole. The landlords turn into parasites and lazy people, and the peasants become oppressed slaves.

Description of the appearance of Manilov

The most striking characters in the work are the landowners involved in the reckless deal. Events revolve around the adventures of an official Chichikov. Manilov acts as the first landowner, to whom Chichikov makes an offer to purchase "dead souls." The meeting of Chichikov and Manilov takes place at a governor's reception. Thanks to similar character traits, they quickly find a common language.

The image of Manilov described by Gogol creates a pleasant impression. He certainly has his flaws. But against the background of the landowners from his entourage, his actions are more harmless. The name of the landowner conveys the irony of the writer. Manilova "lures" laziness and, "beckons" to dreaminess and sentimentality. His behavior characterizes his environment.


Gogol represents Manilova middle-aged man. His blond hair and blue eyes are complemented by a tempting smile. In the masculine look there was a mock sweetness: "the expression is not only sweet, but even cloying, similar to the potion that the clever secular doctor sweetened sweetly ...". The landowner had a habit of squinting. The combination of a smile and narrowed eyes made Manilov look like a contented cat, stroked by the owner. Gogol repeatedly emphasizes that when Manilova laughs, you can’t see her eyes behind a smile. The clothing of the landowner was similar to his surroundings and did not distinguish him from the crowd.

Manilov Characteristic

Manilov gives the impression of a pleasant, balanced person. Unlike other characters, he controls his anger and does not express discontent. Manilov’s benevolence has an interlocutor, but after a boring conversation, interest in him is lost. It is difficult to captivate the landowner with an urgent topic, since he is neutral in everything and does not have his own point of view.

The lack of clear goals and preferences makes it irrelevant to society. Manilov always shows courtesy to those around him. It is difficult to give the landowner’s character a concrete definition: “God alone could tell what kind of character Manilov is. There are a kind of people known under the name neither this, that, nor in the city of Bogdan, or in the village of Selifan.”

  • In the past, Manilov was an officer, and from that time on he was entrenched. habit of smoking a pipe. Former colleagues speak of the landowner as a modest and delicate person.
  • Economic affairs were of little interest to the landowner. Manilov repeatedly dreamed about the reconstruction of the house and the expansion of the economy, but all his thoughts were not used in life. His excessive sentimentality and dreaminess alienated the landowner from reality.
  • The landowner regrets his ignorance. This fact prevents him from expressing himself smoothly. He even travels to the city to chat with educated people. But such actions acquire the character of ordinary window dressing.
  • The thoughts voiced by the landowner had a very abstract character. There was no specificity and detail. The constant use of vague binders in sentences betrays his self-doubt.
  • In a conversation with Manilov, interest in the conversation disappears at the very beginning. The author with a satire describes a short dialogue with the landowner, in which Manilov captivates in the first minute, leads the interlocutor to a stupor in the second minute, and in the third creates complete bewilderment and a desire to avoid his dreary society.
  • The landowner lacks an interlocutor with whom to reflect on abstract philosophical topics. He would like to live with such a friend under one roof, talk with him for hours on the fly, sitting under a tree.
Manilov has no goals

The situation is more successful with the letter. His beautiful and accurate handwriting was noted by Chichikov. Manilov was one of the few for whom it is not necessary to correct errors in the papers.

The positive qualities of Manilov include him hospitality and sympathy for your surroundings. The landowner was very happy about the arrival of the guests. He considered people of his circle to be the most honorable and most amiable. In conversation, he openly expresses his enthusiasm and sympathy. He sees in people their positive aspects, and closes his eyes to shortcomings.

Manilov family

Manilov is an exemplary family man, and in this regard, you can take an example from him. With his wife Lisa, the landowner has been married for 8 years. During this time, the spouses gave birth to two sons, in whose life the teacher takes an active part. The boys had unusual names - Themistoklus and Alkyd. For Manilov, it is important that society pay attention to this. The eldest son is a little smarter than the younger, but on the whole both received proper education.

Lunch at Manilov

Manilov had the most tender feelings for his wife. Lisa was beautiful and well-mannered. Its main disadvantage is a passive attitude towards household chores. Households were satisfied with this state of affairs. In the dialogue of the spouses there were always touching appeals to each other. Everyone was happy with the surprise in the form of sweets or awkward trinkets. The manifestation of tenderness expressed their love, but at some points it looked absurd. Gogol presents their sugary relationships as parody and comic.

Manilov's farm

At the disposal of the landowner was about 200 houses, forest stands and a pond. This is enough to successfully develop and get rich. But the landowner, succumbing to his own laziness, preferred to entrust all matters to the manager.

Manilov prefers a quiet life and does not bother to at least sometimes take part in affairs. Coordination of affairs with the manager becomes a common convention. The landowner superficially discusses all the problems and does not delve into their essence. The clerk who manages the main processes is essentially a drunkard. But even here Manilov is weak and prefers not to change anything.

  • Near Manilov’s estate, instead of the usual beautiful parks and gardens, there are several flower plantings in the English style. To relax, a gazebo is built. But all this is in a state of neglect, which characterizes their owners. The arbor became for the landowner a place for his thoughts and fantasies. She even came up with an absurd name and was given the status of a religious building for the solitude of the owner.
  • Manilov’s thoughts constantly float away, away from reality. While the house is blown by seven winds and absolutely not protected, the landowner is thinking about the possibility of building an underground passage. Instead of taking part in current affairs, he mentally designs a stone bridge across the pond. His dreams are filled with absurdity and frivolity. Unsuitable for work, not particularly interested in business, he builds castles in the air.
  • The situation in the house and around the estate reflected the inconstancy of the Manilov family. There were both expensive and cheap things. In impeccable and neglected condition. In one room, beautiful furniture flaunted, while in another there was not enough even the usual. The guests were immediately struck by this state of affairs. For example, a dirty and lame stand was placed on the dining table next to the dude’s candlestick. It seemed that everything around was not brought to its logical conclusion. The owners do not care.
  • Excerpts of beautiful phrases, pieces of exquisite furniture, sophisticated and ineptly exposed accessories become a continuation of the inner emptiness of the inhabitants of the house. An expensive wrapper hides cheap content.
Launched Manilov Manor

Manilov’s indifference to affairs is reflected in the life of his serfs. On the one hand, without delving into their affairs, the landowner allows them to work calmly. On the other hand, the indifference of the owner does not solve their problems and does not bring changes for the better.

Manilov’s mismanagement leads to the fact that serfs allow themselves to get drunk, steal and hang out. If Sobakevich kept records of both living and “dead souls,” Manilov has no idea how many serfs he has. One of the landowner's attempts to organize the right account ended in complete confusion.

Because of such a negligent attitude, Manilov simply chose to give Chichikov “dead souls” and, in addition to everything, undertook to make up for the costs of registration. He presents the list in the form of a beautiful list, fastened with a silk ribbon. Which once again emphasizes his stupidity and detachment from real life.

For example, the economy of Sobakevich

The fact that Manilov did not think about his own material gain and did not receive a penny from the transaction characterizes him as a worthless master. In this episode, the arguments of the landowner are immoral. He buys and sells people as an ordinary thing, without experiencing any feelings. Such an attitude is the highest point of immorality. The number of dead peasants is summed up in one word "many." Only a person spiritually degraded can respond so calmly.

Manilov’s office was like all other rooms. The walls of the cabinet are covered with either blue or gray paint, which gives the atmosphere a lifelessness. A closer look reveals that some things are out of place and forgotten by their master. Tobacco was scattered on the table and in the papers of the landowner. The book that Manilov abandoned several years ago lay there, waiting for his master. An unread work is contrary to the arguments of the landowner. He wants to be brought up and educated, but he does not find time to read at least one book.

Gogol positions Manilov as a very pleasant person. The main problem of the landowner is a feeling of laziness, which impedes its development. Compared with other personalities from Manilov’s entourage, the landowner acts as a neutral character. Own lack of initiative turns the landowner into an uninteresting empty person. Behind the sweet, pleasant appearance is an empty content. He does not bring any benefit to his surroundings. His image embodies the desire of society for pipe dreams. The only meaning of Manilov’s life was his family.

The landowner Manilov can be reckoned among the "dead souls." He does not strive for anything; accordingly, he does not live, but exists. Such human uncertainty turns the best qualities into moral ugliness. In the image of the landowner the human concept of “manilism” is embodied - the desire for a fictional and unreal, dreamy and idle attitude towards life.

Watch the video: Ryan Reynolds & Jake Gyllenhaal Answer the Web's Most Searched Questions. WIRED (February 2020).